Douglas Roland

ROLAND, Douglas (ローランド ダグラス)
Associate Professor of the Center for the English Language Education in Science and Engineering (CELESE)

Link to web site

Education

Ph.D.  (Linguistics)  University of Colorado, 2001
M.A. (Linguistics) University of Colorado, 1994
B.S. (Chemistry) University of Delaware, 1989

Research Areas and Interests

My area of specialization is computational psycholinguistics. I use a combination of psycholinguistic experiments and computational models to investigate how the human mind produces and comprehends language. Before becoming a linguist, I was interested in biochemistry. I graduated from the University of Delaware with a B.S. in chemistry. While still a student, I became interested in linguistics (to me, it's like chemistry, but involves words instead of molecules). 

I am interested in cognitive factors such as the sources of difficulty during language comprehension and the nature of the mental representations used by comprehenders, as well as methodological factors, such as how different experimental methodologies (e.g., data from eye movement studies vs. data from the self-paced reading paradigm) influence the resulting data. I am also interested in how the differences between the ways in which language is used in typical laboratory experiments and in naturally occurring contexts affect investigators’ results. In order to carry out this research, I use a variety of tools including psycholinguistic experimentation, eye movement data, computational modeling, and corpus analysis.

Main Courses Taught

  • Academic English
  • Laboratory English
  • Academic Study Skills
  • Language, Logic, and Mind
  • Language and Mind (GSICCS)

Recent Research Activities and Output

Journal Papers (refereed)

  • Yi, Eunkyung, Jean-Pierre Koenig, and Douglas Roland. (2019). Semantic similarity to high-frequency verbs affects syntactic frame selection. Cognitive Linguistics, 30(3), pages 601-628.
  • Arai, M.[新井学], & Roland, D. (2016). Gengo rikai kenkyū ni okeru gankyū undō dēta oyobi yomi jikan dēta no tōkei bunseki [言語理解研究における眼球運動データ及び読み時間データの統計分析. Statistical analysis of eye-movement data and reading time data in language comprehension research]. Tōkei sūri [統計数理. Statistics], Tokushū “tōkei-teki gengo kenkyū no genzai” [特集「統計的言語研究の現在」. Special issue "Current Statistical Language Research"]. Tōkeisūri kenkyūsho [統計数理研究所. Institute of Statistical Mathematics]. 64巻2号, pages 201-231.

Conference Presentations (refereed)

  • Roland, Douglas. (2019). Relative clause processing by L2 speakers of English. Paper presented at the 25th Annual Conference on Architectures and Mechanisms for Language Processing (AMLaP), September 6-8, 2019, Moscow, Russia.
  • Roland, Douglas. (2019). Syntax: Computational models of sentence-level language comprehension. Presentation at "Computational psycholinguistics: Overview and prospects" workshop at the 158th meeting of the Linguistics Society of Japan. June 22-23, 2019. Hitotsubashi University, Tokyo, Japan.
  • Roland, Douglas, Yuki Hirose, and Gail Mauner. (2018). Eye movement data and the causes of relative clause difficulty. Paper presented at Mental Architecture of Processing and Learning of Language (MAPLL) 2018, July 28-29, 2018. Tokyo, Japan.
  • Minemi, Itsuki, Saki Tsumura, Douglas Roland, Manabu Arai, and Yuki Hirose. (2017). Second language learners’ (un)predictive processing: Evidence from eye-tracking reading experiments. Paper presented at The Japanese Society for Language Sciences 19th Annual International Conference (JSLS2017). July 1-2, Kyoto Women’s University, Kyoto, Japan. JSLS 2017 Conference Handbook, pages 94-97.
  • Roland, Douglas. (2017). L1 and L2 comprehension of English relative clauses. Paper presented at the 89th ELSJ Annual General Meeting, May 20-21, Shizuoka Campus, Shizuoka University, Japan.

Conference Posters (refereed)

  • Roland, Douglas, Gail Mauner, and Yuki Hirose. (2020) The processing of pronominal relative clauses: Evidence from eye movements. Poster presented at the 33rd Annual CUNY Human Sentence Processing Conference, March 19-21, 2020, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts.
  • Roland, Douglas. Relative clause processing by L2 speakers of English. Poster presented at Mental Architecture of Processing and Learning of Language 2019 (MAPLL-TCP-TL 2019), July 27-28, 2019, Kobe, Japan.
  • Roland, Douglas, Yuki Hirose, and Gail Mauner. (2018). Eye movement data and the causes of relative clause difficulty. Poster presented at the Annual Conference on Architectures and Mechanisms for Language Processing (AMLaP), September 6-8, 2018, Berlin, Germany.
  • Asami, Shiori, Douglas Roland, and Yasunori Morishima. (2018). 英語学習者向け代名詞処理を伴うリーディングスパンテストの開発. Poster presented at the 16th annual meeting of the Japanese Society for Cognitive Psychology. September 1-2, 2018. Ritsumeikan University Osaka Ibaraki Campus, Japan.
  • Minemi, Itsuki, Saki Tsumura, Douglas Roland, Manabu Arai, and Yuki Hirose. (2017). L2 structural prediction depends on the nature of learners' exposure to the target language. Poster presented at the 30th Annual CUNY Conference on Human Sentence Processing, March 30 - April 1, 2017, MIT, Cambridge, Massachusetts.
  • Tsumura, Saki, Itsuki Minemi, Douglas Roland, Manabu Arai and Yuki Hirose. (2017). L2 Garden-Path Eye Movement Patterns: Proficiency and Native Language. Poster presented at the 30th Annual CUNY Conference on Human Sentence Processing, March 30 - April 1, 2017, MIT, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Technical Reports

  • Roland, Douglas. (2019). Relative clause processing by L2 speakers of English. IEICE Technical Report TL2019-24, pages 67-68, July 2019.
  • Roland, Douglas, Yuki Hirose, and Gail Mauner.  (2018). Eye movement data and the causes of relative clause difficulty. IEICE Technical Report TL2018-17, pages 27-31, July 2018.

Professional Activities

  • Editorial Board, Corpus Linguistics and Linguistic Theory.
  • Occasional reviewer of manuscripts for Canadian Association for Japanese Language Education, Cognition, Cognitive Linguistics, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Science, Computational Linguistics, Connection Science, Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, Language and Cognitive Processes, Lingua.
  • Occasional reviewer of abstracts for the Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, the CUNY Conference on Human Sentence Processing, the ESSLLI Student Session on Language and Computation, Memory and Cognition.
  • Occasional reviewer of grant proposals for the National Science Foundation. 

Competitive Grants 

  • Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) Grant-in-aid for Scientific Research (C), No. 20K00584. Eye movements during reading as a window to non-native speakers' language comprehension processes. Role: Principal Investigator.
  • Waseda University Grant for Special Research Projects (Project Number 2020C-253). Investigating the relationship between initial fixation duration while reading and language comprehension difficulties in non-native speakers of English. Role: Principal Investigator.
  • Waseda University Grant for Special Research Projects (Project Number 2019R-035). Eye movements during reading as a window into non-native speakers' language comprehension processes. Role: Principal Investigator.
  • Waseda University Grant for Special Research Projects (Project Number 2019C-237). Eye movements during reading as a window into non-native speakers' language comprehension processes. Role: Principal Investigator.
  • Waseda University Grant for Special Research Projects (Project Number 2018S-116). Are differences between native and non-native speakers’ eye movements during reading due to differences in representation, processing, knowledge, or strategy? Role: Principal Investigator.
  • Japan Society for the promotion of Science (JSPS) Grant-in-aid for Scientific Research (C), No. 17K00210. A neuro-cognitive study on the effects of resource allocation on thinking in second-language processing. Role: Co-Investigator. (Principal Investigator: Yasunori Morishima, International Christian University, Tokyo, Japan).
  • Japan Society for the promotion of Science (JSPS) Grant-in-aid for Scientific Research (C), No. 17K03004. Impact of teacher characteristics on science writing education. Role: Co-Investigator. (Principal Investigator: Alexandra Terashima, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan).
  • Japan Society for the promotion of Science (JSPS) Grant-in-aid for Scientific Research (B), No. 17H02364. Second language processing from the perspective of grammatical illusions and its application to English pedagogy. Role: Co-Investigator. (Principal Investigator: Noriaki Yusa, Miyagi Gakuin Women's University, Sendai, Japan).